Nowadays there are probably a lot of people aware of the fact that Croatian has 7 cases.The accusative can stand, depending on the verb, with or without a preposition. In order to ease into the topic, you can check out our previous blog about the accusative case without prepositions.
In today’s blog, we will talk about circumstances when an accusative case is accompanied by the prepositions u or na. In those situations, we find the accusative often standing next to a verb of movement ( ići → to go, voziti → to drive, dolaziti → to come, putovati → to travel, etc.) and showing a direction, in which the subject is moving. For instance:
The preposition u is used to describe the subject entering a concrete place: a room, a building ( pošta → the post office, škola → the school, kuća → the house), a city (Zagreb, Split, Dubrovnik) or a country (Hrvatska, Njemačka, Italija). Here are a few examples:
The prepositions u and na are often standing next to the locative case as well. An important factor in the distinction of the two cases is the fact that the locative describes the place of an action. You can read about other prepositions in use with the locative case in our blog.
The preposition na is combined with verbs of movement as well, although these verbs indicate walking into an open surface or are connected to an abstract term (lunch, coffee, performance):
The following table shows when the prepositions are used in accordance with a verb of movement.
|ići, doći, voziti + accusative|
|ići, doći, voziti u …||ići, doći, voziti na …|
|u školu||na kavu|
|u muzej||na ručak|
|u restoran||na film|
|u Zagreb, u Split, u Berlin…||na Hvar, na Korčulu, na Krk…|
|u Njemačku, u Hrvatsku, u Englesku…||na Oktorberfest, na Špancirfest,
na božićni sajam (christmas fair)…
Where are we going? → Answer Kamo idemo?
We are going to school. → Answer Idemo u školu.
I am coming to the café. → Answer Dolazim u kafić.
You are going to the park. → Answer Ideš u park.
We are going for some coffee. → Answer Idemo na kavu.
I am going to lunch. → Answer Idem na ručak.
Ivan and Marko are going to the restaurant. → Answer Ivan i Marko idu u restoran.
You are going to the post office. → Answer Idete u poštu.
We are travelling to Croatia. → Answer Putujemo u Hrvatsku.
We are driving to the island Cres. → Answer Vozimo na otok Cres.
He is going to the beach. → Answer Ide na plažu.
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