The accusative case (used without prepositions)

The accusative case in Croatian

The accusative (akuzativ) is the most commonly used case in Croatian. When used without prepositions, it describes an object of an action, direct or indirect.

For example, a noun is in the accusative case whenever:

Whenever you're asking for something
For example:
Kavu, molim – Coffee, please
Sendvič, molim – Sandwich, please

Whenever you're talking about the object of your actions
For example:
Pijem vodu - I'm drinking water
Slušam radio - I'm listening to the radio

The accusative case is declined as follows:

Muški rod
(masculine)
Ženski rod
(feminine)
Srednji rod
(neutrum)
Jednina
(singular)
Nominativ prozor (window)
susjed (neighbour)
stolica (chair)
mačka (cat)
stablo (tree)
kazalište (theatre)
Accusative e.g. vidim (I see)
prozor
susjeda*
e.g. vidim (I see)
stolicu
mačku
e.g. vidim (I see)
stablo
kazalište
Množina
(plural)
Nominativ prozori
susjedi
stolice
mačke
stabla
kazališta
Accusative e.g. vidim (I see)
prozore
susjede
e.g. vidim (I see)
stolice
mačke
e.g. vidim (I see)
stabla
kazališta

*This change only applies to masculine nouns which denote living beings (i.e. people and animals). These nouns receive the ending -a in the accusative case.

Exercise: How would you say the following in Croatian?

Water, please Answer Vodu, molim

A pizza, please Answer Pizzu, molim

A menu, please Answer Jelovnik, molim

I see a car Answer Vidim auto

I see a woman Answer Vidim ženu

I see a (female) teacher Answer Vidim učiteljicu

I see a (male) teacher Answer Vidim učitelja


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Slušam (radio).





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