The accusative case (used without prepositions)

The accusative case in Croatian

The accusative (akuzativ) is the most commonly used case in Croatian. When used without prepositions, it describes an object of an action, direct or indirect.

For example, a noun is in the accusative case whenever:

Whenever you're asking for something
For example:
Kavu, molim – Coffee, please
 Sendvič, molim – Sandwich, please

Whenever you're talking about the object of your actions
For example:
 Pijem vodu - I'm drinking water
 Slušam radio - I'm listening to the radio

The accusative case is declined as follows:

  Muški rod
(masculine)
Ženski rod
(feminine)
Srednji rod
(neutrum) 
Jednina
(singular)
Nominativ prozor (window)
susjed (neighbour)
stolica (chair)
mačka (cat)
stablo (tree)
kazalište (theatre)
Accusative e.g. vidim (I see)
prozor
susjeda*
e.g. vidim (I see)
stolicu
mačku
e.g. vidim (I see)
stablo
kazalište
 Množina
(plural)
Nominativ  prozori
susjedi
stolice
mačke
stabla
kazališta 
Accusative e.g. vidim (I see)
prozore
susjede
e.g. vidim (I see)
stolice
mačke
e.g. vidim (I see)
stabla
kazališta
         

*This change only applies to masculine nouns which denote living beings (i.e. people and animals). These nouns receive the ending -a in the accusative case.

Exercise: How would you say the following in Croatian?

Water, please  Answer Vodu, molim

A pizza, please  Answer Pizzu, molim

A menu, please  Answer Jelovnik, molim

I see a car  Answer Vidim auto

I see a woman  Answer Vidim ženu

I see a (female) teacher  Answer Vidim učiteljicu

I see a (male) teacher  Answer Vidim učitelja


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