Plural versions of Croatian nouns

Plural versions of Croatian nouns

Forming plural nouns in Croatian isn't difficult, however in order to create the plural of a noun you have to first determine which gender the noun is.

If you haven't yet learned about noun genders, take a look at our blog post on rules for noun gender in Croatian.

General rules for forming plural nouns

Forming plural nouns in the feminine (ženski rod) and neuter (srednji rod) genders is very straightforward.

Feminine
The –a at the end of the word changes into –e:

kuća – house kuće
žena – woman žene
stolica – chair stolice

Neuter
The final –o or –e in the word is always change into –a:

pivo – beer piva
vino – wine vina
sunce – sun sunca
more – sea mora


The rule for masculine (muški rod) is also generally simple, but with a few exceptions:

Masculine
In most cases the plural is formed by adding an –i at the end:

televizor – TV televizori
prijatelj – friend prijatelji
susjed – neighbor susjedi

Some exceptions when pluralising masculine nouns

  • For masculine nouns with only one syllable, we add the ending –ovi:
    most – bridge mostovi
    stol – table stolovi
    trg – square trgovi


  • For the words which end in –k, the plural ending changes to –ci:
    dječak – boy dječaci
    liječnik – doctor liječnici
    poznanik – acquaintance poznanici

  • A few common words don’t follow any of these rules, which it's best just to learn by heart. For example:
    čovjek – man ljudi – people
    brat – brother braća
    kći – daughter kćeri
    dijete – child djeca

  • Masculine nouns of one syllable which end with a palatal consonant (i.e. č, ć, đ, dž, š, ž, lj, nj, j) receive the ending –evi:
    nož – knife noževi
    miš – mouse miševi
    muž – husband muževi

  • Words which end in –ac, lose the final
    –a and receive the ending –ci:
    Amerikanac – American Amerikanci
    policajac – policeman policajci
    vatrogasac – firefighter vatrogasci

A couple more exceptions which we'll deal with later ...

  • A handful of feminine nouns end in consonants.
    These nouns receive the ending –i in the plural such as:
    bolest – sickness bolesti
    smrt – death smrti
  • Things get a bit more complicated one combines nouns with numbers (e.g. two tables or seven ducks)

That's enough for now ... but we're planning future blog posts on both of these topics! :-)

Exercise: Can you form the plural of the following nouns?

– friend  Answer prijatelji

– friend  Answer prijateljice

– milk  Answer mlijeka

– mouse  Answer miševi

– participant  Answer polaznici

– bat  Answer šišmiši

– room  Answer sobe

– sister  Answer sestre

– actor  Answer glumci

– train  Answer vlakovi